Photo courtesy of Wiki Commons Traffic crashes are the No. What, specifically, can be done to increase safety awareness, prevent accidents and injuries, plus save time and money? What are other organizations doing?
While much has been done to improve road safety and cut the number of deaths and serious injuries on our roads, a great deal of this has centred on protecting car drivers and there is clearly more work to be done in other areas. However, there is a need to ensure these activities can be carried out safely.
With space to accommodate different road users at a premium, it means road design needs to be improved to ensure the safety of vulnerable road users, whether that is different priorities at junctions, new cycle paths or safe pedestrian routes. Technology has an increasingly important role to play in informing safer road design for all users and many local authorities, road safety partnerships and highways bodies are using collision data analysis software.
This not only helps them identify accident clusters and take corrective measures but also to trial and evaluate the impact of new technologies such as innovative types of lighting or different types of traffic signals, as well as new road layouts and cycle paths.
Best practice developed in this way could be replicated across the globe. Also logged are details such as the road weather and lighting conditions and if those involved were turning left or right.
These reports are sent to local authorities on a monthly basis and kept in a database. The UK is not alone in requiring such reports and this data is an incredibly valuable source of information.
Systems like this can produce more than 50 statistical and narrative reports allowing authorities to highlight patterns in the collisions and identify possible common causes. Using recognised algorithms, the software can quickly identify geographical clusters, for example of collisions involving young pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists.
Where a number of accidents occur on one particular road, the local authority can use the analysis software to quickly identify the types of affected user. If cyclists or pedestrians were involved at an unexpected level, they could then look at possible road safety measures such as pedestrian crossings, safe pedestrian routes, priority changes at junctions or cycle paths.
They can then implement these and use the software to analyse the impact, by comparing data before and after the engineering measures were installed.
Using the software, engineers at Ayrshire Road Alliance identified a cluster of incidents at a location on the A Waterside Road, where there had been four slight injury-related accidents in the previous three years.
What the analysis revealed was that the collisions predominantly involved inexperienced drivers or drivers travelling too fast for the road conditions see box.
Azhar Ali, civil engineer at the Ayrshire Roads Alliance, said: Our team in Traffic and colleagues in Road Safety Education also use the software to assess walking routes for schoolchildren and report on accidents involving young pedestrians.
This helps identify where improvements can be made, new pedestrian facilities can be introduced or restrictions put in place to help reduce pedestrian casualties. For example, if allocated a budget for cycle paths, an authority can use the system to help prioritise the best locations.
They can easily search to find out which stretches of roads have the most cycling injuries and would therefore benefit most from a new cycle path. It also allows authorities to monitor the success of existing cycle schemes and analyse which type is most successful in reducing collisions.
In some cases, the decision could be taken to move the cycle path away from the road completely as a result of analysing accident evidence. Junction design is very important for vulnerable road users and the use of road markings, signage and traffic lights all play an important role in enabling safer shared use of the road.
This can be depicted visually see image on page 45so they can see at a glance the types of casualty that occur at the location and identify patterns and corrective measures.
If there are traffic lights, there can be simple effective measures to reduce the number of casualties, such as increasing the duration of the light sequencing to allow more time for elderly people or children to cross the road, or introducing a cycle lane filter light.
Data analysis software plays an important role in helping to inform road design based on real evidence about where and why collisions happen. Using this data can help to ensure the numbers of road casualties continues to reduce and also that road design deals intuitively with the increasing amount of shared use by trams, buses and motorcyclists as well as a growing number of cyclists and pedestrians.
At a time when local authority budgets are stretched more than ever, this type of technology will also help to maximise road safety budgets by delivering the improvements that will have the most impact. Solar powered studs Analysis of accidents on a twisting road section on the A in Ayrshire identified problems with inexperienced or speeding drivers - despite the installation of bend warning signs, chevrons and bollards.
The experiment has proved successful with no accidents since the studs were installed in March Companies in this article.That leads to road rage and people whipping around them to pass on the right," said Millner, a former Elmhurst police chief.
Highway signs have advised motorists for decades to stay right except to pass, but Millner says too many drivers ignore the warning and disrupt traffic flow. Jan 31, · • To increase law compliance, reduce crashes, increase detection and prosecution of critical offences and restore confidence and respect for the road traffic management fraternity • To stop and check vehicle fitness of mini-buses, buses, trucks as well as drivers.
Watch video · Law enforcement officer across Washington state are using innovative approaches to combat increasing acts of road rage and aggressive driving. This educational video Road Rage - Combating Aggressive Driving in Washington on Vimeo.
lights, and changing lanes unsafely; and efforts to increase awareness of the dangers of driver fatigue. The Highway Safety Strategic Plan outlines the major highway safety problems may then escalate into “road rage.”.
Aggressive driving behaviors, such as speeding and tailgating, can often lead to road rage. According to the National Safety Council, motorists rate this as a top threat to highway safety.
Funded by the National Road Safety Foundation, the 10 Teen Safe Driving Coalitions are affiliated with their state and local governments, local law enforcement, public health agencies, traffic safety and injury prevention organizations, schools and businesses, as well .