The Temple of Afea An interview with Ernst-Ludwig Schwandner - architectural archaeologist On the site of the 5th century BC Doric temple of Afea in northeastern Aegina, an earlier temple existed from BC which was destroyed by fire, though the cause is uncertain. One of the oldest of Greek Doric temples, its partial reconstruction is found in the inner portion of the Aphaia museum. This remarkable work was carried out by a man known locally by the Greek name Ludovikos, an "architectural archaeologist" who performed the most recent excavations on the site fromin collaboration with German, English and Italian researchers.
At the same time, the switch from brick and timber to more permanent stone Temple of aphaia Greek architects to design a basic architectural "template" for temples and other similar public buildings.
This first "template", known as the "Doric Order" of architecture, laid down a series of rules concerning the characteristics and dimensions of columns, upper facades and decorative works. Subsequent "templates" included the Ionic Order from and the Corinthian Order from Types of Buildings Unlike their Minoan and Mycenean ancestors, the Ancient Greeks did not have royalty, and therefore had no need for palaces.
This was why their architecture was devoted to public buildings, such as the temple, including the small circular variant tholos ; the central market place agorawith its covered colonnade stoa ; the monumental gateway or processional entrance propylon ; the council building bouleuterion the open-air theatre; the gymnasium palaestra ; the hippodrome horse racing ; the stadium athletics ; and the monumental tomb mausoleum.
But of all these buildings, it is the temple that best captures the qualities of Greek design. Greek Orders of Architecture The Greek Temple Except for the circular tholos, most Greek temples were oblong, roughly twice as long as they were wide. For comparison, the dimensions of the Parthenon are feet in length, feet in width.
The typical oblong floor plan incorporated a colonnade of columns peristyle on all four sides; a front porch pronaosa back porch opisthodomos. The upper works of the temple usually consisted of mudbrick Temple of aphaia wood, except for the upper facade which was usually stone, and designed according to the Order Doric, Ionic.
Columns were typically carved from limestone, with upper facades usually decorated with marble. The interior of the Greek temple typically consisted of an inner shrine cella, or naos which housed the cult statue, and sometimes one or two antechambers, which were used as storage places for devotees to leave their votive offerings, like money, precious objects, and weapons.
For a brief comparison between the pagan Greek temple and the Christian church, see: Early Christian Art Layout The layout of the inner shrine, the other chambers if any and surrounding columns usually followed one of five basic designs, named as follows.
Temple B, Selinunte, Sicily, c. The Parthenon, Athens, BCE 5 If the colonnade encircling the building comprised a double row of columns, it was known as a dipteral temple. Base and Walls The temple was built on a masonry base crepidomawhich elevated it above the surrounding ground.
The base usually consists of three steps: Like the Parthenon, most temples have a three-step base, although the Temple of Zeus at Olympus, has two, while the Temple of Apollo at Didyma has six.
Roof All early temples had a flat thatched roof, supported by columns hypostylebut as soon as walls were made from stone and could therefore support a heavier load, temples were given a slightly sloping roof, covered with ceramic terracotta tiles.
These roof tiles could be up to three-feet long and weigh as much as 80 pounds. Column and Lintel Greek architects and building engineers knew about both the "arch" see, for instance, The Rhodes Footbridge, 4th century BCE and the "vault" corbel and barrel typesbut they made little use of either in their architectural construction.
Instead, they preferred to rely on the use of "post and lintel" techniques, involving vertical uprights columns or posts supporting horizontal beams lintels.
This method, known as trabeated construction, dates back to earliest times when temples were made from timber and clay, and was later applied to stone posts and horizontal stone beams. However, it remained a relatively primitive method of roofing an area, since it required a large number of supporting columns.
The stone columns themselves usually consisted of a series of solid stone "drums" - set one upon the other, without mortar - but sometimes joined inside with bronze pegs.
The diameter of columns usually decreases from the bottom upwards, and to correct any illusion of concavity, Greek architects usually tapered them with a slight outward curve: Each column is composed of a shaft and a capital; some also have a base.
The shaft may be decorated with vertical or spiral grooves, called fluting. The capital has two parts: Doric Order capitals are plainer and more austere, while Ionic and Corinthian capitals are more ornate.
The entablature - the first tier - is the major horizontal structural element supporting the roof, and encircles the whole building. It is made up of three sections. The lowest section is the "architrave", made up of a series of stone lintels which span the spaces between the columns.
Each joint sits directly above the centre of each capital. The middle section is the "frieze", consisting of a broad horizontal band of relief sculpture. In Ionic and Corinthian temples, the frieze is continuous; in Doric temples sections of frieze metopes alternate with grooved rectangular blocks triglyphs.The Archaeological site of Kolona: KOLONA.
Kolona is an archaeological place and due to its findings, history has information on Ancient Aegina.
It's located on the left from the harbour of Aegina and it was the Acropolis in Aegina in the Ancient times. The Temple of Athena Aphaia in Aegina: The Temple of Aphaia is dedicated to goddess Athena and is located on the island of Aegina, on top of a hill.
This is one . Nov 26, · The Temple of Aphaia (Greek: Ναός Αφαίας) or Afea is located within a sanctuary complex dedicated to the goddess Aphaia on the Greek island of Aigina, which lies in the Saronic Gulf.
The Temple of Aphaia: THE TEMPLE.
The temple of Athena Aphaia is built in the northern part of the island in a place covered with pine trees and with a view of the beautiful blue ashio-midori.com's in a very good condition.
Twenty-four pillars of the temple remain, out of a total of On the site of the 5th century BC Doric temple of Afea in northeastern Aegina, an earlier temple existed from BC which was destroyed by fire, though the cause is uncertain.
One of the oldest of Greek Doric temples, its partial reconstruction is found in the inner portion of the Aphaia museum. Temple of Aphaia on the island of Aegina. Aphaea (Greek: Ἀφαία, Aphaía) was a Greek goddess who was worshipped almost exclusively at a single sanctuary on the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.